On this day in 1916 Louis Brandeis became the first Jew on the United States Supreme Court. He was nominated by President Woodrow Wilson. He was a controversial nominee but ended up being approved by a vote of 47-22 by the U.S. Senate. Brandeis would serve on the Supreme Court until 1939. Brandeis is today considered one of the giants in the history of the Supreme Court. His opinions were some of the greatest defenses of freedom of speech and the right to privacy ever written by the Supreme Court. He retired in 1939 to be replaced by William Douglas Brandeis died in 1941 at the age of 84.