On this date July 14, 1961 The Beatles gave their first performance at The Cavern Club in Liverpool after returning from their second trip to Hamburg. THE- Beatles historian Mark Lewisohn has written- “No Hamburg- No Beatles.” In the later summer of 1960 The Beatles made their first trip to Hamburg, Germany. When they left- according to most who witnessed them- they were nothing all that special. They go to Hamburg and they played hours and hours upon end for a few months and became great. When they returned to Liverpool people thought they were Germans who spoke excellent English at first. All the sudden The Beatles took off in Liverpool. When The Beatles had left Rory Storm and The Hurricanes were the go to group in Liverpool [they had a drummer named Richy Starkey} . Rory Storm and The Hurricanes also went to Hamburg- but their experience was different. They Beatles in Hamburg put on a different show every night, you never knew what to expect. Rory Storm and The Hurricanes put on the exact same show every single night. How many times will someone go back to see that?
In the spring of 1961 The Beatles returned to Hamburg for a few more months. Again, hours and hours of playing honed their skills. When the returned that summer they hit a flat period. They still had their fan base in Liverpool but they felt they weren’t getting any closer to their goal- a recording contract and breaking out of Liverpool. There are those who believe that The Beatles at this point were close to breaking up. John and Paul especially were growing bored. Then in the late fall of 1961- a local businessman from a wealthy family- Brian Epstein heard about them and stopped in to check them out at The Cavern and was blown away by what he saw. He thought ‘they are going to be bigger than Elvis.” The Beatles always believed ‘something will happen’ and at a key point in their history something did happen. Brian Epstein became their manager and things started rolling.